Under the AoA, WTO member states agreed on general rules on the disciplines of domestic subsidies (as well as export subsidies and market access). The aim of the AOA was to provide key WTO members with a framework to change their national agricultural policy to allow for more open trade. The green box also provides for the use of direct payments to producers that are not related to production decisions, i.e., although the farmer receives a payment from the state, this payment has no impact on the nature or volume of agricultural production (decoupling). The conditions exclude any link between the level of these payments and production, prices or factors of production in a year after a fixed reference period. In addition, no production is required to receive such payments. The other criteria to be met depend on the nature of the measure concerned, which may include: decoupled income support measures; Income insurance and safety net programs; Disaster relief A series of structural adjustment programs; and some payments through environmental and regional aid programs. The main conceptual consideration is that there are in fact two categories of budgetary aid, with no distorting effect on trade, or having only a minimal distorting effect on trade (often called green box measures) and, on the other hand, aid that distorts trade (often called “Amber Box”). For example, the government is considered to be a first-rate agricultural research or training, while government procurement at a guaranteed price (market price support) falls into the latter category. Under the agricultural agreement, any national support for agricultural producers is governed by the rules. In addition, the total monetary value of the Amber Box measures, with some exceptions, is subject to the reduction obligations in the list of each WTO member providing such support. The second clause, domestic aid, is the most important of the three. It generally contains provisions on the provision of budgetary aid or subsidies by Member States to their farmers.
28 members (the EC being one of them) had not exempted national aid during the reference period, and therefore the reduction commitments set out in their timetables. Reduction commitments are expressed in the form of an overall global support assessment (Total AMS) including all product-specific media and not product-specific support in a single digit. Members with a TOTAL SYSTEM must reduce the basic time allocation by 20% (members of industrialized countries) over a 6-year period or by 13% over a 10-year period (members of developing countries). In each year of implementation, the current total value of non-AMA-exempt measures must not exceed the overall amS limit, as outlined in this year`s schedule. In other words, the maximum levels of this support are linked to the WTO. The European Parliament has always closely followed the progress of multilateral negotiations in general and agricultural negotiations in particular. A number of resolutions illustrate this interest (for example. (B) the resolution of 18 December 1999 at the third Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Seattle; 13 December 2001, on the WTO meeting in Doha; 12 February 2003 on the WTO negotiations on agricultural trade; September 25, 2003, through the fifth Ministerial Conference of the World Trade Organization in Cancun; 1 December 2005 on the preparation of the sixth WTO Ministerial Conference in Hong Kong; 4 April 2006, 9 October 2008, 16 December 2009, 14 September 2011, 21 November 2013 and 26 November 2015 for the Doha Round assessment; and 15 November 2017 on multilateral negotiations for the 11th WTO Ministerial Conference in Buenos Aires). The European Parliament has always called on the European Commission to protect the interests of European producers and consumers, as well as the interests of farmers in countries with which the European Union has had a special relationship