The implementation of the international agreements to which the People`s Republic of China is or will be consulted is decided by the central government according to the circumstances and needs of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and after consultation with the advice of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. International agreements to which the People`s Republic of China is not affiliated but implemented in Hong Kong can be implemented in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The central government authorizes or assists, where appropriate, the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region to make appropriate arrangements for the application of other relevant international agreements to the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The Central People`s Government is taking the necessary steps to ensure that the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region retains its appropriate status in international organizations to which the People`s Republic of China is a member and in which Hong Kong participates in either function. The central government of the People`s Government facilitates, where appropriate, the participation of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region in international organizations in which Hong Kong participates in either function, but of which the People`s Republic of China is not a member. This group was a connection organ, not a power organ, where each party could send up to 20 support coworkers. It is expected to meet at least once a year at each of the three sites (Beijing, London and Hong Kong). It was established in Hong Kong on July 1, 1988. It should also help HKSAR maintain and develop economic and cultural relations and conclude agreements on these issues with the relevant states, regions and international organisations, and could therefore create specific sub-groups. Between 1985 and 2000, the Joint Liaison Group held 47 plenary sessions, 18 in Hong Kong, 15 in London and 14 in Beijing. During the 2014 Umbrella Revolution, a campaign against perceived violations of mainland China in HKSAR, Chinese officials concluded for the first time that China considered the joint declaration “invalid,” according to a British MP.
 This conclusion was found to be “manifestly erroneous” by a senior Hong Kong lawyer and rejected by the British Foreign Minister, who stated that the document was a legally binding agreement that had to be respected.   Rita Fan, then Hong Kong`s only representative on the Standing Committee of the National People`s Congress in Beijing, stated that responsibility for the UK`s oversight had expired and that the joint declaration did not provide for universal suffrage.  The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region is a separate customs territory. It can participate in relevant international organizations and international trade agreements (including preferential trade agreements), such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade and International Textile Trade Agreements. Export quotas, tariff preferences and similar regimes enjoyed by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region are exclusively appreciated by the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region. The Hong Kong Special Administrative Region has the authority to issue its own certificates of origin for products manufactured on site in accordance with applicable rules of origin. Issues that are the subject of disagreement within the joint liaison group are submitted to both governments for resolution through consultations. Issues that are the subject of disagreement in the National Commission are subject to a decision by the Government of the United Kingdom and the Government of the People`s Republic of China.