Which States Have Reciprocity Agreements For Teachers

Although there are intergovernmental reciprocal agreements on teaching licenses, these agreements can create confusion for those who try to transfer their license or teaching certificate from one state to another. Simply put, while states may have agreements with other states that education or testing requirements between the two are equivalent, a state can (and often does) impose its own specific requirements on the state under the intergovernmental reciprocity agreement. The impetus behind reciprocity is to address teacher shortages across the country. Reciprocity increases teacher mobility, and the hope is that teachers will move beyond national borders to areas of high need. The fact that each state sets its own requirements for teacher licensing leads to many variations that hinder the mobility of educators. You may exceed the requirements to teach in your state, but if you move to another state, you may not meet their criteria. Reciprocity is intended to alleviate some of these difficulties. States enter into agreements among themselves to recognize a recommendation for admission of a state-recognized educational program to an accredited college or university (for accredited teacher training programs and teaching schools, visit the National Council for accreditation of teacher education). Reciprocity does not mean that you can exchange your license for a license in the state where you are moving. Nor does it mean that your license will be recognized in that other state.

This means that if you apply for an apprenticeship in another state, that state will review your application to see if you meet their qualifications. Even states in reciprocity agreements retain the right to set their own standards for teachers, and if you don`t meet those standards, you won`t be able to teach there. However, if you apply according to the rules of reciprocity, the process is much easier. You are not supposed to take another comprehensive teacher training program to be licensed in this state. Each state is different, but in general, you may only need to take one test or meet certain requirements of the course to ensure that you are qualified according to the specific requirements of that state. In 2016, a proposal modeled on the Third Way report was presented to Congress to unify processes between states, even though the legislation has yet to come to nothing. However, a provision has been included in the Every Student Succeeds Act, the federal K-12 education act, which allows states to use federal funds intended to increase the ranks of high-quality teachers and principals to establish an intergovernmental system of reciprocity, as provided for in the third way. Teacher surveys also seem to confirm that the barriers are real. About 41 percent of former teachers who would consider returning to work cited “state certification reciprocity” as very or extremely important in their consideration, according to an analysis of federal data conducted by the Learning Policy Institute.

This percentage is higher than in 2005, when about 35% of teachers cited it as a reason. There is also evidence that onerous entry requirements for entry into the profession are particularly likely to drive out high school graduates and aspiring teachers of color. .

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